A National Priority

English homework help: Question 1 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read these two sentences:

I can see the point of those who argue that space projects should be a national priority.
I also see the problem with spending millions with so many other social problems that need solving.

Which transition word correctly links the two sentences?

[removed] Consequently

[removed] Conversely

[removed] Specifically

[removed] Regardless

 

Question 2 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

This is an indictment in three counts. The first charges a conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act of June 15, 1917, by causing and attempting to cause insubordination, in the military and naval forces of the United States, and to obstruct the recruiting and enlistment service of the United States, when the United States was at war with the German Empire, to-wit, that the defendant willfully conspired to have printed and circulated to men who had been called and accepted for military service under the Act of May 18, 1917, a document set forth and alleged to be calculated to cause such insubordination and obstruction. The count alleges overt acts in pursuance of the conspiracy, ending in the distribution of the document set forth. The second count alleges a conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, to-wit, to use the mails for the transmission of matter declared to be non-mailable by title 12, 2, of the Act of June 15, 1917, to-wit, the above mentioned document, with an averment of the same overt acts. The third count charges an unlawful use of the mails for the transmission of the same matter and otherwise as above. The defendants were found guilty on all the counts. They set up the First Amendment to the Constitution forbidding Congress to make any law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, and bringing the case here on that ground have argued some other points also of which we must dispose.

According to the bolded lines, what is one reason for Schenck’s indictment?

[removed] He tried to send something through the mail illegally.

[removed] He supported the Act of Jun 15, 1917.

[removed] He tried to join the United States Navy.

[removed] He helped others join the military.

 

Question 3 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

This is an indictment in three counts. The first charges a conspiracy to violate the Espionage Act of June 15, 1917, by causing and attempting to cause insubordination, in the military and naval forces of the United States, and to obstruct the recruiting and enlistment service of the United States, when the United States was at war with the German Empire, to-wit, that the defendant willfully conspired to have printed and circulated to men who had been called and accepted for military service under the Act of May 18, 1917, a document set forth and alleged to be calculated to cause such insubordination and obstruction. The count alleges overt acts in pursuance of the conspiracy, ending in the distribution of the document set forth. The second count alleges a conspiracy to commit an offense against the United States, to-wit, to use the mails for the transmission of matter declared to be non-mailable by title 12, 2, of the Act of June 15, 1917, to-wit, the above mentioned document, with an averment of the same overt acts. The third count charges an unlawful use of the mails for the transmission of the same matter and otherwise as above. The defendants were found guilty on all the counts. They set up the First Amendment to the Constitution forbidding Congress to make any law abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, and bringing the case here on that ground have argued some other points also of which we must dispose.

According to the lines in bold, what is one reason for Schenck’s indictment?

[removed] He helped the military publicize their recruiting efforts.

[removed] He tried to encourage men to sign up for enlistment.

[removed] He wanted to prevent men from signing up for recruitment.

[removed] He tried to join the United States Navy.

 

Question 4 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

I just want to learn as much as I can. I want to have many options for my future career.

Which sentence below provides the best sentence variety using coordinating connections?

[removed] Although I want many options for my future career, I just want to learn as much as I can.

[removed] Because I want many options for my future career, I just want to learn as much as I can.

[removed] I want to have many options for my future career; furthermore I want to learn as much as I can.

[removed] I want to have many options for my future career, so I just want to learn as much as I can.

 

Question 5 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read the sentences below and answer the following question:

Arthur gave Ande his two best drawings. She was the only one who had praised his ability.

Which sentence below provides the best sentence variety using transition words?

[removed] Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, and Arthur gave her his two best drawings.

[removed] Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, so Arthur gave her his two best drawings.

[removed] Ande was the only one who had praised his ability; therefore, Arthur gave her his two best drawings.

[removed] While Ande was the only one who had praised his ability, Arthur gave her his two best drawings.

 

Question 6 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Which of the following would be most relevant to a research paper discussing the negative health effects of soft drinks?

[removed] Interviews with the author’s personal physician

[removed] List of options for beverages that could be sold in vending machines

[removed] Studies showing a connection between higher consumption of soft drinks and health problems

[removed] Testimony from various people who drink soft drinks regularly and are healthy

 

Question 7 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not respectable–the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance, if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all times, characterized political parties.

[removed] Hamilton believed politician’s narrow-mindedness would have a negative effect.

[removed] Hamilton generally disliked politicians even though he was one of them.

[removed] Hamilton had many reasons to entice politicians to be moderate in their negotiations.

[removed] Hamilton thought politicians were the last people who should be writing a new Constitution.

 

Question 8 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[MC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt?

Among the most formidable of the obstacles. . . may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power …they hold under the State establishments…

[removed] Hamilton believed the best members of the committee to write the new Constitution had left for personal gain.

[removed] Hamilton feared that those tasked with creating the new Constitution would oppose reforms that limited their power.

[removed] Hamilton felt the obstacles facing the new Constitution would be too much to overcome.

[removed] Hamilton had few fears regarding those who were tasked with implementing the new Constitution.

 

Question 9 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Which statement from the second paragraph indicates that Hamilton worries that men will oppose the formation of a stronger government because the confusion of fragmented government gives them a better chance at getting an authority position?

[removed] Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men…

[removed] …flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies…

[removed] …the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country…

[removed] …in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments…

 

Question 10 (Multiple Choice Worth 5 points)

[LC]

The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined the first government of the United States of America. Alexander Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government proposed in the United States Constitution.

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1
General Introduction
For the Independent Journal
Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from its union under one government.

Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, why does Hamilton think it is important for the United States to be successful?

It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and force.

[removed] Its success will give more power to other rulers around the world.

[removed] Without the United States, governments around the world will fall apart.

[removed] Its success will show that it is possible for people to make their own government.

[removed] Without the United States, people will have no reason to behave civilly.

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